There is much debate on the location of ancient Thule and some confusion on where the name originates.
Is it possible that the North Western Islands of Great Britain, and the Western parts of this Island in particular, are the ancient Thule of lore and tradition?
There are some earlier writers that suggest the Emerald Isle of Ireland to be that land mass, its location then shifted Northward as the known world grew!
Is it also possible the ancient Welsh language (in my opinion! : ), along with Gaelic i am sure, could hold some clues to its location and its lore and tradition?
Here are some Welsh words which may hold some interest in the tradition of Thule!
Welsh words of interest –
Tul : a shroud or to envelop from
Tuliad : an enveloping or shrouding.
Twyll : a deception or deceit from
Twyllebb : sophistry and Sophism and
Twyllodrus : Crafty or deceitful.
Then there is :
Twl : that which is rounded or smoothed and
Twll : a cave, a cavern or a hole underground!
Tyle : a place where a house or home is built or a convenient place to build!
In the first Welsh translation of the new testament a tabernacle (portable holy place of god) is rendered as a Tyle!
Tyle also means ascent in Welsh, to lead up to or to ascend!
Mr T.H Evans author of the Drych y Prif Oesoedd (Mirror of the Early Centuries) (1716) states that he found, in an early Welsh manuscript, a description of Ireland as Tyleu Iscoed, he believed this to be the ancient Thule!
Tyleu iscoed may translate to Home under the wood? or ascent under the wood?
Ty and Tyl have many connotations toward house, family, kinsmen but also with opening the ground and to bore a hole!
Tylu : a household and
Tylwyth : a family or a household or tribe and kinsmen!
Also y tylwyth teg : the fairies! This from the Welsh Lore, but could also relate to the Tuatha De Danann of Ireland! The Fair folk!
The tradition of the Tuatha de Danann of Ireland says that these God like beings retired underground after an outside invasion of the Island.
Maybe the Welsh, Gaelic and Cornish language hold some clues to ancient lore and traditions?
From Wiki :
The Greek explorer Pytheas of the Greek city of Massalia (now Marseille, France) is the first to have written of Thule, after his travels between 330 and 320 BC. Pytheas mentioned going to Thule in his now lost work, On The Ocean Τὰ περὶ τοῦ Ὠκεανοῦ (ta peri tou Okeanou). L. Sprague de Camp wrote that “the city of Massalia… sent Pytheas to scout northern Europe to see where their trade-goods were coming from.”
The great mines of Western Britain?